Arlington is located in Middlesex County, just six miles northwest of Boston. It is bordered on the north by Winchester, on the east by Medford and Somerville, on the south by Cambridge and Belmont and on the west by Lexington. Covering 5.5 square miles, Arlington has a population of 44,028 according to the Massachusetts Department of Revenue. The town of Arlington was originally settled in 1635 under the name Menotomy, before being incorporated as West Cambridge in 1807 and eventually having its name changed to Arlington in 1867 to honor those buried in the Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. Arlington has a representative town meeting form of government. The Town of Arlington has seven elementary schools, one middle school, and Arlington High School. Arlington is accessed by Route 2, 2A, 3, and 60. It is a short distance from I-95 and I-93. Public transportation is provided by the MBTA servicing the Greater Boston area with its bus system and subway system.